What are floating solar panels?
Floating solar or floating photovoltaics (FPV), sometimes called floatovoltaics, is solar panels mounted on a structure that floats on a body of water, typically a reservoir or a lake.
The market for this renewable energy technology has grown rapidly since 2016. The first 20 plants with capacities of a few dozen kWp were built between 2007 and 2013. Installed power reached 3 GW in 2020, with 10 GW predicted by 2025.
How does a floating solar panel work?
Floating solar is an eco-friendly method of producing electricity. It combines marine and renewable energy technology. The electricity is sent from this floating pontoon structure through underwater cables to a transmission tower.
Where are floating solar panels in use today?
A lot of floating solar farms are built in Southeast Asia because of the relatively small availability of dry land over there. China has been quicker to embrace floating solar panel technology and built the largest floating solar panel farm in the world.
Advantages of Floating Solar Panels
1. Save Valuable Land Space
Many ground-mounted solar panels result in the loss of valuable land space. However, with floating photovoltaics, you do not require land space. These installations could move on unused space on water such as wastewater treatment plants, drinking water reservoirs, or hydroelectric dam reservoirs. As a result, we can make use of land that you would have otherwise used to mount up solar panels. Additionally, installing solar panels on water bodies eliminates the need for deforestation.
2. Keep the water clean
The best place to install floating solar panels is on stagnant fresh bodies of water like lakes or ponds. Freshwater has a high potential for growing excessive amounts of algae that can damage local wildlife by depleting oxygen from the water, and the panels serve as a deterrent.
Climate change heats up water which then permits algae from pollutive sources to proliferate. But, with floating solar panels covering the water, they assist maintain it cool, decreasing the attainable of algae blooms. Floating solar panels generate clean energy. Using renewable energy helps reduce dependence on fossil fuels’ generated electricity. As a result, there is a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
3. Improved Solar Performance
Though solar panels can perform well under high temperatures, their efficiency can reduce over time. As temperatures increase, their efficiency also drops. When you install PV modules on water, it provides a cooling effect which improves their efficiency.
If you can’t find answers to your questions listed above, please contact Pontoon China Team for a free consultation and we will be very happy to answer any of your questions.PONTOON CHINA TEAM